Kyrgyzstan: An attack on a minor on ethnic basis

On 26 August 2014, at approximately 18.00 hours, near residential buildings of the Youth Housing

Association at the Karasu district of Osh city an ethnic Uzbek high school student Turginbay Mominov was attacked.

Turginbay MOMINOV, date of birth 04.10.2000, went to visit his grandfather living in Krasin Street of the Karasu district. He was attacked by six Kyrgyz looking young men.

They hit him all over his body. Mominov was brought to an emergency station in serious condition, where he was given first aid, but was refused admission to the hospital despite of obvious hematoma in vital organs.

Turginbay Mominov has been undergoing treatment in a private clinic for 15 days.

The parents of the victim contacted the authorities to register charges for bringing to justice those who caused significant damage to the health of the child.

Turginbay Mominov is still ill, on medication, it is recommended that he lives a relaxed lifestyle. But the police inspector was calling him almost every day. After another such call from the police, his mother perturbed by such a cruel attitude to her child, went to the police station instead of Turginbay. But the reaction of the district policeman was extremely rude and abrupt, he told her: "It is a pity that you are a woman, otherwise I would have showed you how we treat those who complain about the Kyrgyz!".

According to the observations of the Association for Human Rights in Central Asia, in southern Kyrgyzstan, the cases of attacks on the ethnic Uzbek residents of the city of Osh is getting more frequent. All the victims indicate that the participants of these attacks are young people of the Kyrgyz appearance. They are organised and focused. Law enforcement authorities in southern Kyrgyzstan are extremely reluctant to take up the investigation of such cases. There are many indications that they do not wish to record the facts of crimes motivated by ethnic hatred. At the same time, search for those who inform the international organisations and the media about the manifestations of xenophobia against ethnic Uzbeks has intensified.


Statement on the publications on the situation in southern Kyrgyzstan

In the last three months, the Association for Human Rights in Central Asia has received numerous criticisms that we are, allegedly, distributing false information on discrimination against ethnic Uzbeks in southern Kyrgyzstan. In addition, we are getting more and more threats, and not only anonymously.

But we intend to continue excursing our right to express our opinions freely and to defend our beliefs.

We are aware that the publication of material in defense of ethnic Uzbeks, many of whom are the applicants of our organisation, are met with great sensitivity in the south of Kyrgyzstan. Such a reaction cannot be a reason to stay silent on the face of threats from nationalists and unscrupulous officials.

We remain hopeful that the Kyrgyz Republic will cope with the consequences of ethnic conflict and engage in active dialogue with the victims of the ethnic conflict.

We remain open to all who may have questions for us. Please do not hesitate to write to us.

Faithfully yours,

Nadejda Atayeva, on behalf of the Association for Human Rights in Central Asia 


Kyrgyzstan: another attack on an ethnic Uzbek, and criminals evade the charges again

Azimjon Ibragimov
On 1 September 2014 at 05:30 in the Osh district of the city of Osh, near the "Hasiyat" mosque, Azimjon Ibragimov, an ethnic Uzbek born in 1951, was attacked.

He was going to the mosque for the morning prayer. Suddenly, he was approached by three young Kyrgyz looking guys who called him "You, Sart!". And then began to hit him with full force all over his body.

Currently, Azimjon Ibragimov is in the Trauma Ward of the Osh City Hospital being treated for two broken ribs, a concussion and numerous bruises. The incident has already been reported to the law enforcement agencies, but they are not in a hurry to carry out a thorough investigation.

* * *
Over the past three months, the Association for Human Rights in Central Asia (AHRCA) received information about 65 people injured in the city of Osh. All of them are ethnic Uzbeks. We were able to establish personal details of and damage caused to 62 of them:

          - deprivation of property (using bureaucratic mechanisms);
          - assault with intent to cause injury and even death;
          - threats aimed at compelling the victims to withdraw the application against persons who have committed wrongful acts. This also applies to victims of sexual violence during the ethnic conflict in June 2010;
          - kidnapping: on 4 September 2014 there was an attempt of kidnapping of a young woman, an ethnic Uzbeks, living in the village of Nariman.

Kabulzhon Osmonov
It causes a serious concern that the law enforcement officials are treating as hooliganism even cases that have become known to the publi. This allows dangerous criminals to evade charges and repeatedly commit unlawful acts associated with ethnic conflict.

Initiation of an investigation is often unreasonably delayed. The case of Kabulzhon Osmonov shows a typical situation in which the victims of discrimination on ethnic grounds find themselves when seeking protection by the legitimate methods.

He was attacked on 4 August 2014; he was given first aid on the same day, they also conducted forensic examination.
On 22 August 2014, the investigator by the name of Ulan (he refused give his last name) during a telephone conversation with the President of the Association for Human Rights in Central Asia, Nadejda Atayeva, confirmed that forensic examination of injuries inflicted on Kabulzhon Osmonov was conducted; he is waiting for its conclusions. Without a written conclusion, he cannot establish the severity of the harm caused to the health of the victim. He offered to contact him on this case after five days. All attempts to contact him again were unsuccessful.
On 28 August 2014, we published a press release “Kyrgyzstan: an attack on a basis of ethnicity.
On 2 September 2014, it became clear that a criminal case was filed only after when this case was reported in the media.
On 28 August 2014, the victim Kabulzhon Osmonov and witnesses of the attack on him came under a heavy pressure from the investigators and prosecutors to force them to withdraw their statements for a criminal case.

The practice is as follows: representatives of law enforcement bodies and local authorities say that when victims of ethnic conflict (mainly ethnic Uzbeks) seek protection, they are supposedly trying to provoke a new wave of violence. The victim comes under a pressure to withdraw an application for a criminal case. If he refuses to withdraw his statement, often police officers threaten him with more harm coming from those whom he accuses of crime against himself and his family. They also often extort money from the victims or offer to leave Kyrgyzstan. In addition, the authorities are increasing the pressure on human rights defenders, journalists and lawyers who defend the interests of ethnic Uzbeks.

The Association for Human Rights in Central Asia (AHRCA) continues to monitor and inform the public of the situation in southern Kyrgyzstan.

The Association for Human Rights in Central Asia (AHRCA) urges all interested parties, organisations and the media to pay attention to recent cases of ethnic discrimination in the south of Kyrgyzstan: the cases of Kabulzhon Osmonov, Makhmudjan Nishanov and others. We have to do everything possible so that cases of all victims of ethnic conflict were considered fairly and objectively, and the perpetrators brought to justice.

In the next 7 days, information about all the cases recorded by AHRCA will be sent to the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, Almazbek Atambayev, a mission of the Kyrgyz Republic to the United Nations, international human rights organisations.


To the memory of Ravshan Gapirov

On 1 September 2014 at the 59 th year of life Ravshan Gapirov died. He was a head of the Human
Ravshan Gapirov
Rights Centre "JUSTICE, TRUTH", based in the city of Osh (southern Kyrgyzstan). He was born in the town of Karasu
of the Osh region.

Ravshan Gapirov was ill, in the last months of his life. His illness has grown rapidly in the background of deep stress that he experienced after the tragic events of June 2010 in the south of Kyrgyzstan. When confronted with the indifference and irresponsibility of officials, he could not hold back his emotions. But in all situations, he was eager to help anyone who needed and did not lose hope for justice.

Ravshan Gapirov is one of the first Kyrgyz human rights defenders in the south of Kyrgyzstan. His organisation was registered in 1998 and plays an active role on the most pressing issues related to human rights.

The funeral will take place in the village of Nariman of the Osh region at 13:30 on 2 September 2014.

We express our condolences to the family and friends of Ravshan Gapirov.

We cherish his fond memory!

Members of the Association for Human Rights in Central Asia


Gulnara Karimova

Initially, this video causes an emotional response to the position of Gulnara Karimova. After all, it is a tragedy when a daughter can not talk to her father. He fenced himself from her by numerous security guards. The way guards of the head of state look like on this video is a separate conversation.

Islam Karimov rules the country for a quarter of a century and it is his duty to ensure compliance with human rights and freedoms. But he did not realise that tyranny does not ensure the stability of government, it only kills the confidence of the people. Even the children of a modern dictator Islam Karimov were helpless when they were deprived of the golden cage.

Radio Ozodlik
When I see these frames of disheveled, unhappy Gulnara with skewed cap with bells on her head, involuntarily, I recall a video where she is surrounded by Gayane and other accomplices of her crimes. 

Not so long ago, she was wearing a gleaming crown of jewels instead of this sorry hat (!) Probably of the «Guli» brand name... Gulnara is suffering, but will she come to the right conclusions? It is unlikely, because she is driven by resentment, and seeks to restore the status quo in the ruling group.

Islam Karimov treats his daughter Gulnara cruelly now. But, does he not really love her? Perhaps, it is all more tricky than this. Yes, Karimov is guarding against his daughter, but, in practice, he continues patronizing her. How else can one explain the fact that she has not yet been held accountable for the crimes of which her accomplices Gayane Avakian, Rustam Madumarov and others, whose names are kept secret are accused. The authorities destroy evidence of her guilt and shift responsibility for the crimes to the executors of her whims. Gulnara is not even under a house arrest. She was sighted in the city. She travels by car, although it is not as pompous as before. The main thing is that she is free and not behind the bars. She is no longer allowed to squander the country's budget. She is not given a permission to travel abroad. But this is done in order to avoid her arrest: in several countries, there are criminal cases involving offenses for which Gulnara has a direct responsibility.

I have no doubt that all the crimes by Gulnara Karimova were committed with the full consent of dictator Islam Karimov. And now his goal is to return the funds stolen by his daughter back to Uzbekistan. The family of the First person is accustomed to impunity. Corruption in Uzbekistan has reached such proportions that it threatens the security of the country.

This is how the political system which Karimov created operates. But no matter how he fought against the public, the citizens of Uzbekistan still will not be silent. Especially now, when Karimov came to the unprecedented shame. Never in its history did Uzbekistan have as many political prisoners and political refugees, such low economic performance and a low reputation in the international arena.

Even the most brutal dictatorship is powerless before publicity and the influence of democratic states. Therefore, the discussion of each crime of the Karimov regime gives us a hope for deliverance from despotism and makes us freer.

Kyrgyzstan: an attack on a basis of ethnicity

Osh, ​​another attack motivated by ethnic hatred on an individual

Kabulzhan Osmonov
Kabulzhan Osmonov was born in the south of the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic in 1970, a citizen of Kyrgyzstan, an ethnic Uzbek. He resides in the Navoi Street and works as a caster at the Osh Pump Plant.

On August 4th, 2014 at 12:30 pm Kabulzhan Osmonov was returning from lunch break to work at the Osh Pump Plant on Absamatov Masaliev Prospect. At the gates of the company he was stopped by an unknown young man of Kyrgyz appearance who addressed him, saying, "Hey Sart, stop!". Osmonov stopped and immediately received a few strong blows from the stranger to his face and other body parts.

Kabulzhan Osmonov managed to escape into the factory and get away from the attacker, but was immediately caught up with a few more men of Kyrgyz appearance. Since Osmonov was punched in the face, he does not know exactly how many attackers were there. The Nationalists kicked him with all their force, delivering blows all over Osmonov’s body, until he lost consciousness.

After learning of the attack, the director of the Osh Pump Plant urgently organised a transport to take the victim Osmonov to an A&E unit. He was given first aid, but was refused admission.

Osmonov lies at home with severe headaches and numerous bruises. He does not have money for treatment. The company where he works, pays him for the job by the jobs completed, and does not pay for sick leave.

On August 5th, 2014 Kabulzhan Osmonov wrote an explanatory statement at the office of the district inspector of the Osh City Police Department (located on Akbura Street).

Law enforcement agencies have not yet instigated a criminal case on the fact of Kabulzhan Osmonov sustaining injuries. Investigator relied on the absence of the forensic medical examination. This forensic conclusion is still not issued after three weeks, which delays the investigation of the crime. During a call, the investigator was willing to answer our questions. And said that it is easy to find the attackers, as they have a surveillance camera record of the hotel "Beijing" in front of the scene. But he is convinced that Kabulzhon Osmonov suffered a crime not motivated by ethnic hatred. The investigator said that many ethnic Uzbeks find it  almost easy to claim that the attacks on them were ethnically motivated.

According to recent reports available to the Association for Human Rights in Central Asia, the case of the attack on Kabulzhon Osmonov is not an isolated incident when the nationalists can avoid liability for crimes motivated by ethnic hatred.

On August 16th, 2014 in the morning at a wholesale market on the west side, where they sell melons, an ethnic Uzbek was severely beaten. The victim refused to give a statement to the prosecutor in relation this attack, because he believes that it is useless. At the request of the victim, we do not disclose his name. Last year also, he was beaten on basis of ethnic hatred, and because of threats from his attackers he took the blame. The victim gave the inspector a bribe of 20 thousand soms, to get his statement back and the criminal case closed.

On August 17th, 2014, about 20:00 hours, in the city of Osh a TV journalist of the "Intimak TV", Davran Nasibhanov, became the latest victim of ethnic hatred. He went out to buy some bread, and he was approached by 4 people of Kyrgyz appearance in the street near the "House Services", where there are retail shops. They blocked his way and demanded money from him. When Davran refused to pay them, they first insulted him verbally and then beat him up very severely. As a result, he suffered a broken rib, a concussion and numerous bruises. Davran Nasibhanov asked for help in Osh city hospital where he was treated and questioned on what had happened to him. When the hospital learned that he had been attacked on the grounds of ethnic hatred, they refused to admit him to the hospital. The official reason given was lack of available beds.

On the basis of the information available to us, the Association for Human Rights in Central Asia concludes that the attacks on ethnic Uzbeks often are not investigated, because they are recorded as "hooliganism." The attempts of the victims to bring the perpetrators to justice are turned against them and create even more stress in the society.


Uzbekistan: Human rights defender Chuyan Mamatkulov subjected to torture

 Human rights defender Chuyan Mamatkulov was beaten 20 times on the head with a baton and then was placed in a solitary confinement treated with chloramine. His life and health are at risk. Intervention by the international community is necessary.
State of Chuyan Mamatkulov’s health is alarming. He sustained a head injury as a result of blows to his head, he underwent a surgery. Mamatkulov is suffering from severe headaches for more than a month. During this time he was given only a few tablets of paracetamol, he is not under a medical observation.

Chuyan Mamatkulov previously had one of the bones of his skull removed, so he had a 2nd  group disability. Three weeks after his arrest, on 25 September 2012, under pressure from prosecutors and investigators, he was deprived of his disabiled status. For two years in prison Mamatkulov lost his teeth and began to suffer from pain in the lower back and legs, especially in cold weather.

In effect, an official of administration of the colony UYA 61/29 in Navoi Region is commiting extrajudicial killing. His real name and rank cannot be established, he calls himself Sherali.

Chuyan MAMATKULOV was born on 15 January 1970 in the village of Kasan of the Kashkadarya region of Uzbekistan. He is married and has two young daughters.

Since 2004, he is a member of the Kashkadarya department of the Human Rights Society of Uzbekistan - HRSU headed by Talib Yakubov.

In 2000 he was dismissed from the Armed Forces of Uzbekistan. Mamatkulov had four disciplinary actions taken against him and then he was fired. However, he was not afforded a chance to familiarise himself with the charges against him. Attempts to appeal this direct violation of the labor code failed. 

In 2005 Chuyan Mamatkulov was first to file a suit against the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov. He claimed that as supreme commander, on 9 October 1996, Karimov approved the disciplinary regulations of the armed forces of Uzbekistan and therefore, is directly responsible for the violation of the rights of servicemen. Mamatkulov’s position was supported by Uzbek human rights activists and independent journalists. A judicial authorities under various pretexts rejected his appeal. In this long lawsuit Mamatkulov took a principled stand.

On 29 August 2012 he was arrested.

On 8 February 2013, the Kashkadarya Regional Criminal Court sentenced him to 10 years of imprisonment. He was charged under Articles 137, part 2 subsections "b", "c" (Kidnapping); 138, part 1 (Forced false imprisonment); 159, part 1 (encroachment on the constitutional order of the Republic of Uzbekistan); 168, part 2, subsection "c" (fraud), 228, part 2, subsection "b" (Production, forgery of documents, stamps, seals, forms, and their sale or use); 238, part 3 (Perjury); 244 (manufacture or distribution of materials containing a threat to public security and public order). He is serving a sentence in the colony 64/29 in the Navoi region.

Chuyan Mamatkulov’s case requires urgent intervention of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and other international bodies.

It is urgent to:
 ensure the humane treatment of prisoners and stop Chuyanov Mamatkulov’s   torture;
 provide him with adequate medical care;
 reconsider his case before an independent and impartial Court

On 20 April 2014 Chuyan Mamatkulov tried to send another appeal of his case, this time to the chairman of the National Security Service, Rustam Inoyatov. This appeal was received by Asror Radjapov, chief of the Kashkadarya region security services the SNB. The human rights defender denies the accusations and says that they are brought by order of the authorities and describes all of the obstacles faced when trying to appeal the verdict.

Chuyan Mamatkulov is often tortured and forced to accept the accusation. He is beaten by not only members of the administration. There are also convicts who, on the instructions of the authorities, organise provocations against the political prisoners, or even perform contract killings.

Chuyan Mamatkulov’s last family visit was on 19 June 2014. Instead of a whole day, Mamatkulov and his wife were given only five hours for the meeting. According to his wife, his health is very poor. He is detained in conditions comparable to torture. Such moral and physical torture is particularly pernicious for a sick man as Mamatkulov.

The Association for Human Rights in Central Asia believes that, in respect Chuyan Mamatkulov, the following legal provisions are violated:
  • Тhe Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, namely:
     — Article 26 – «No one may be subject to torture, violence or any other cruel or humiliating treatment»;
     — Article 29 – «Everyone shall be guaranteed freedom of thought, speech and convictions»;
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, namely: 
     — Article 7 – «No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment»;
Article 19 – «1. Everyone shall have the right to hold opinions without interference»;

  • Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognised Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
  • Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment:
   — Principle 1 – «All persons under any form of detention or imprisonment shall be treated in a humane manner and with respect for the inherent dignity of the human person»;
   — Principle 6 – «No person under any form of detention or imprisonment shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. No circumstance whatever may be invoked as a justification for torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment»;
   — Principle 21 – «1. It shall be prohibited to take undue advantage of the situation of a detained or imprisoned person for the purpose of compelling him to confess, to incriminate himself otherwise or to testify against any other person. 2. No detained person while being interrogated shall be subject to violence, threats or methods of interrogation which impair his capacity of decision or his judgement. <..> ».

The Association for Human Rights in Central Asia - AHRCA requests governments, international and intergovernmental organisations to urge the government of Uzbekistan to provide Chuyan Mamatkulov with emergency medical assistance, including the provision of access to a dentist. This appeal was also sent to:
 UN High Commissioner for Human Rights;
 UN Special Rapporteur on Torture;
 EU Special Rapporteur on the countries of Central Asia;
 EU special rapporteur on human rights;
 Governments of democratic countries;
 International human rights organisations.